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Home >> Speciality >>Pulmonology

Pulmonology is an area of medicine that focuses on the health of the respiratory system. Pulmonologists treat everything from asthma to tuberculosis. The respiratory system includes the organs that help you breathe. The three major parts of this system are the airway, the lungs, and the respiratory muscles.

The airway includes the:

• nose

• mouth

• pharynx

• larynx

• trachea

• bronchi

• bronchioles

• alveoli

You use several muscles during respiration. The most notable is the diaphragm. The other muscles are categorized in groups, including:

a) intercostal muscles, which help with inhalation

b) accessory muscles, which help with inhalation but don’t play a primary role

c) exhalation muscles, which help with forceful or active exhalation

Conditions pulmonologists commonly treat include:

• asthma

• bronchiectasis, a condition that involves inflammation and excess mucus

• bronchitis, which happens when you have inflamed lower airways

• chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), which causes an airflow blockage

• emphysema, which happens when the alveoli in your lungs are damaged

• interstitial lung diseases, which affect the space and tissue within the lung